Centrifugation is a critical process in clinical laboratory work. It involves separating liquid and solid components of a sample in order to analyse a patient’s underlying condition and determine the proper treatment for it.
Clinical centrifuges are used to conduct tests on liquid samples, such as blood, urine, and other body fluids. They can be found in almost every hospital, clinic, and diagnostic centre and are used in these environments on a regular basis.
There are many applications of clinical centrifuges. The most common of these are:
- Cell purification
Cell purification is a process of isolating one or more cell populations from a mixture of cells. It is a process critical for different medical studies, as there are cell components whose characteristics determine a patient’s condition.
Cell purification is conducted mainly to:
- conduct a molecular analysis of a single cell type
- genetically modify a particular cell type of interest for disease modelling applications
- study in vitro effects of drug candidates on specific cell populations
- Blood separation
Each component of the blood has a role and function. When any of the blood components malfunction, the whole body is affected. It is a sign that the body is going through a certain condition (disease, illness, autoimmune disorder, etc. It is through centrifugation that the blood components can be separated, and each of them can be further studied to determine the patient’s condition.
- Urine separation
Urine has sediments that indicate a person’s health status and other underlying conditions. The components of a person’s urine can be determined also by running a sample through a centrifuge.
Results of urine separation usually tell whether the person is consuming certain substances, going through mineral compound imbalance, and if there are indicators of gallstones or urinary tract infection.